The act and result of giving birth is called giving
birth. The verb alumbrar, on the other hand, can be
used with reference to the fact of providing clarity or luminosity or
the act of giving birth.
It is called childbirth, therefore, at the end of labor:
the culmination of the human pregnancy that takes place when the baby leaves the
mother's uterus. With childbirth, the person's age begins to
be counted (that is, a human being reaches her first year of life when one year
has elapsed from the time of her birth).
Although the exact point at which life is considered to start is a matter of
philosophical and religious debate, childbirth can be said to mark the
birth of the individual. From that moment, the baby will no longer be
inside the maternal uterus, but will have an autonomous existence, even when it
requires numerous cares to survive and develop.
Childbirth begins to take place with the onset of contractions in
the womb, which, as the time of the baby's departure approaches, become more
frequent and intense. Changes to the cervix are added to this process, which dilates. In
this way, the baby begins to descend through the uterus until it comes out, if
it is a natural birth, through the vagina. According to
involves removal of the placenta and various membranes.
If we take a little distance, we can say that delivery is the third phase of
labor, a process that occurs after an average of forty weeks of
gestation. Before entering the first phase, the so-called prepartum takes
place, during which oxytocin (a hormone that occurs naturally in the pituitary
gland to stimulate labor) travels through the blood and it is
then that the first contractions appear, although they are not always perceived
by the mother.
In the prepartum the mucous plug is removed, although the moment in which it
disappears is not the same in all cases: the distance between this event and
delivery can be days or minutes. The first of the three stages mentioned above
is dilation, which is divided into two:
* passive: it takes six to eight hours to reach three
centimeters, although in some women this takes a full day. Contractions are
accentuated and pain is exacerbated;
* active: the frequency of contractions increases
considerably, reaching appear every two minutes. Generally, the rate of dilation
is one centimeter per hour. There is also a widening of the cervix so that the
baby can be lowered.
The name of the second phase is expulsive, which begins
when the dilation reaches ten centimeters and the baby's skull reaches the end
of the birth canal. Contractions spread but last and hurt longer than
before. The mother must push in a rhythmic way, taking care to oxygenate
her child between each pressure. At the end of this phase, the baby
comes out and receives normal care, such as cutting the umbilical cord.
Finally comes the delivery, which is counted from when the
baby has left until the mother delivers the placenta. For this to happen,
contractions of less intensity than the previous ones take
place, so that the uterus is reduced and all the elements that are no longer
useful are released.
The idea of childbirth can also refer to a symbolic
birth. For example: "The birth of this project occurred a month
ago, when I met Matías in a bar. "